Understanding Ted Cruz’s Jedi Debate Skills [running a kritik]

I shall practice to use this debate technique called running a kritik learning from the following quoted article.  I quote from an online article “Understanding Ted Cruz’s Jedi Debate Skills” by Betsy Woodruff on http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2015/10/30/understanding-ted-cruz-s-jedi-debate-skills.html:

Senator [Ted Cruz, in the third Republican presidential candidates debate on October 28, 2015 at the University of Colorado in Boulder] used a risky and controversial tactic used by high school debates champions the world over to deflate the moderator, win the crowd, and change the tenor of the evening.

The strategy he used is called running a kritik. Depending on what style of debate you’re doing and what league you’re in, kritiks can operate in a host of ways. The basic gist, though, is this: A kritik is an a priori argument, which means it has to be addressed before either side of the debate can move on to talk about anything else. The term “kritik” didn’t come into the common debate lexicon until the 90’s—long after Cruz’s days as a parliamentary debate champion were over. But the strategy existed and was fairly common during his time in academic debate.

Anyway, a debater who runs a kritik (or that style of argument) argues that the entire premise of the debate round is fundamentally flawed. For example, in 2013, two African-American college students—Ryan Walsh and Elijah Smith—won the Cross Examination Debate Association’s national championship in part by deliberately ignoring the tournament’s stated resolution and, according to The Atlantic, arguing instead that “the framework of collegiate debate has historically privileged straight, white, middle-class students.”

In other words, they argued that the entire terms and structure of the debate were unfair. Cruz took a similar approach last night about a third of the way into the CNBC debate. Quintanilla set him off by asking if his opposition to a deal House Republicans recently made to raise spending and avert government shutdowns until March of 2017 shows that the Senator was “not the kind of problem solver American voters want?”

At this point, Cruz could have answered the question on its merits, explaining as he’s done a million times already that Americans want someone who will fight to shrink the government, even if it means refusing to compromise with Democrats and risking shutdown. But that isn’t what Cruz did. Instead, he questioned the moral authority of Quintanilla to question him.

“You know, let me say something at the outset,” the senator replied. “The questions that have been asked so far in this debate illustrate why the American people don’t trust the media.”

The crowd cheered.

“This is not a cage match,” the senator continued, reiterating his criticism of CNBC’s management of the event. “And, you look at the questions—‘Donald Trump, are you a comic-book villain?’ ‘Ben Carson, can you do math?’ ‘John Kasich, will you insult two people over here?’ ‘Marco Rubio, why don’t you resign?’ ‘Jeb Bush, why have your numbers fallen?’  

How about talking about the substantive issues the people care about?”

Quintanilla sputtered.”

Friday emotion meter: Pump up the volume with a song: 鄭怡 – 心情

Today, Friday, emotion meter: Pump up the volume with this Taiwanese song: 鄭怡 – 心情

Click this web link to directly access the song’s YouTube page https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M_j2WBCuqew&list=RDOQwOVi7UB3Y&index=4 if encountering “Video doesn’t exist” message.  May need to click on the YouTube icon located at the image’s right-bottom corner if prompted “Video not exists” message.

Another a beautiful touching voice in this song “鄭怡:月琴”: https://www.youtube.com/watch?list=RDOQwOVi7UB3Y&v=Bh2cOQYvCXQ

Personality Traits & Personality Types (by Stephanie Pappas)

Seven (my female Rottweiler) walks on the Ocean Beach dog beach on December 23, 2014.

Seven (my female Rottweiler) walks on the Ocean Beach dog beach on December 23, 2014.

I love to bring my four years old female Rottweiler dog to San Diego’s Ocean Beach dog beach at least once a month.  While she is engaging with other dogs on the beach or in the water, I often pay attention to dogs than to people.  I watch dogs for their breed, size and behavior: active or shy, people oriented or not.  I often kneel down and watch dogs; and some dogs do voluntarily come to greet me and stay for a while.  I find the following quoted brief article “Personality Traits & Personality Types: What is Personality?” by Stephanie Pappas on November 18, 2013 informative.  Human’s personality is more complicated than dog’s; and I think that everyone has a mix of all types of personality traits mentioned in this article.  I copy the entire article here; the article origin is from this web page http://www.livescience.com/41313-personality-traits.html.

Quote:

What makes you who you are as a person? You probably have some idea of your own personality type — are you bubbly or reserved, sensitive or thick-skinned? Psychologists who try to tease out the science of who we are define personality as individual differences in the way people tend to think, feel and behave.

There are many ways to measure personality, but psychologists have mostly given up on trying to divide humanity neatly into types. Instead, they focus on personality traits.

The most widely accepted of these traits are the Big Five:

. Openness
. Conscientiousness
. Extraversion
. Agreeableness
. Neuroticism

Conveniently, you can remember these traits with the handy OCEAN mnemonic (or, if you prefer, CANOE works, too).

The Big Five are the ingredients that make up each individual’s personality. A person might have a dash of openness, a lot of conscientiousness, an average amount of extraversion, plenty of agreeableness and almost no neuroticism at all. Or someone could be disagreeable, neurotic, introverted, conscientious and hardly open at all. Here’s what each trait entails:

Openness
Openness is shorthand for “openness to experience.” People who are high in openness enjoy adventure. They’re curious and appreciate art, imagination and new things. The motto of the open individual might be “Variety is the spice of life.”

People low in openness are just the opposite: They prefer to stick to their habits, avoid new experiences and probably aren’t the most adventurous eaters. Changing personality is usually considered a tough process, but openness is a personality trait that’s been shown to be subject to change in adulthood. In a 2011 study, people who took psilocybin, or hallucinogenic “magic mushrooms,” became more open after the experience. The effect lasted at least a year, suggesting that it might be permanent.

Speaking of experimental drug use, California’s try-anything culture is no myth. A study of personality traits across the United States released in 2013 found that openness is most prevalent on the West Coast.

Conscientiousness
People who are conscientious are organized and have a strong sense of duty. They’re dependable, disciplined and achievement-focused. You won’t find conscientious types jetting off on round-the-world journeys with only a backpack; they’re planners.

People low in conscientiousness are more spontaneous and freewheeling. They may tend toward carelessness. Conscientiousness is a helpful trait to have, as it has been linked to achievement in school and on the job.

Extraversion
Extraversion versus introversion is possibly the most recognizable personality trait of the Big Five. The more of an extravert someone is, the more of a social butterfly they are. Extraverts are chatty, sociable and draw energy from crowds. They tend to be assertive and cheerful in their social interactions.

Introverts, on the other hand, need plenty of alone time, perhaps because their brains process social interaction differently. Introversion is often confused with shyness, but the two aren’t the same. Shyness implies a fear of social interactions or an inability to function socially. Introverts can be perfectly charming at parties — they just prefer solo or small-group activities.

Agreeableness
Agreeableness measures the extent of a person’s warmth and kindness. The more agreeable someone is, the more likely they are to be trusting, helpful and compassionate. Disagreeable people are cold and suspicious of others, and they’re less likely to cooperate.

Men who are high in agreeableness are judged to be better dancers by women, suggesting that body movement can signal personality. (Conscientiousness also makes for good dancers, according to the same 2011 study.) But in the workplace, disagreeable men actually earn more than agreeable guys. Disagreeable women didn’t show the same salary advantage, suggesting that a no-nonsense demeanor is uniquely beneficial to men.

Neuroticism
To understand neuroticism, look no further than George Costanza of the long-running sitcom “Seinfeld.” George is famous for his neuroses, which the show blames on his dysfunctional parents. He worries about everything, obsesses over germs and disease and once quits a job because his anxiety over not having access to a private bathroom is too overwhelming.

George may be high on the neuroticism scale, but the personality trait is real. People high in neuroticism worry frequently and easily slip into anxiety and depression. If all is going well, neurotic people tend to find things to worry about. One 2012 study found that when neurotic people with good salaries earned raises, the extra income actually made them less happy.

In contrast, people who are low in neuroticism tend to be emotionally stable and even-keeled.

Unsurprisingly, neuroticism is linked with plenty of bad healthoutcomes. Neurotic people die younger than the emotionally stable, possibly because they turn to tobacco and alcohol to ease their nerves.

Possibly the creepiest fact about neuroticism, though, is that parasites can make you feel that way. And we’re not talking about the natural anxiety that might come with knowing that a tapeworm has made a home in your gut. Undetected infection by the parasite Toxoplasma gondii may make people more prone to neuroticism, a 2006 study found.

Other personality measures
Though personality types have fallen out of favor in modern psychological research as too reductive, they’re still used by career counselors and in the corporate world to help crystallize people’s understanding of themselves. Perhaps the most famous of these is the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. A questionnaire based on the work of early psychologist Carl Jung sorts people into categories based on four areas: sensation, intuition, feeling and thinking, as well as extraversion/introversion.

Sensing and intuition refer to how people prefer to gather information about the world, whether through concrete information (sensing) or emotional feelings (intuition). Thinking and feeling refer to how people make decisions. Thinking types go with logic, while feeling types follow their hearts.

The Myers-Briggs system is rounded out with the judging/perception dichotomy, which describes how people choose to interact with the world. Judging types like decisive action, while perceiving types prefer open options.

The use of the Myers-Briggs is controversial, as research suggests that types don’t correlate well with job satisfaction or abilities.

Computer Lithium-Ion battery care in general

I have been noticing that the Lithium-Ion battery in my various laptop computers, mobile phones and cameras can’t maintain its charge well after 2 or more years of use.  The genuine manufacturer’s battery replacements could cost from $25 to $150 or more.  I have the general idea of caring for the Lithium-Ion battery for a longer battery life span; but I am not really sure about the difference that people’s suggestions on battery maintenance, like I will quote in the following, will make.  I really hope that device manufacturers like Apple, Microsoft, Dell, HP, Samsung, Sony, Garmin, Nikon, Canon and others will automate the battery maintenance process in their devices so their users don’t really need to be involved with the battery maintenance process.

I find the following suggestions, by SpeedStep on June 24, 2011, on Lithium-Ion battery user maintenance informative.  I quote the entire context in the following.  The entire discussion is on this web page http://en.community.dell.com/support-forums/laptop/f/3518/t/19385586.

Short quote:

Simple Guidelines

Avoid frequent full discharges because this puts additional strain on the battery. Several partial discharges with frequent recharges are better for lithium-ion than one deep one. Recharging a partially charged lithium-ion does not cause harm because there is no memory. (In this respect, lithium-ion differs from nickel-based batteries.) Short battery life in a laptop is mainly cause by heat rather than charge / discharge patterns.

Batteries with fuel gauge (laptops) should be calibrated by applying a deliberate full discharge once every 30 charges. Running the pack down in the equipment does this. If ignored, the fuel gauge will become increasingly less accurate and in some cases cut off the device prematurely.

Keep the lithium-ion battery cool. Avoid a hot car. For prolonged storage, keep the battery at a 40% charge level.

You must always feed it something or it will get weak and die.

Consider removing the battery from a laptop when running on fixed power. (Some laptop manufacturers are concerned about dust and moisture accumulating inside the battery casing.)

Avoid purchasing spare lithium-ion batteries for later use. Observe manufacturing dates. Do not buy old stock, even if sold at clearance prices.

If you have a spare lithium-ion battery, use one to the fullest and keep the other cool by placing it in the refrigerator. Do not freeze the battery. For best results, store the battery at 40% state-of-charge outside the laptop in a cool dry place.

Additional quote:

Whether used or not Batteries need to be at least 40% CHARGED for Several HOURS every month.

Batteries are not warrantied for more than 1 year.

Batteries last between 300 to 500 cycles or 1 year on the shelf.

If you do not charge them over a year they will die.

This is not covered under warranty.

A lithium-ion battery provides 300-500 discharge/charge cycles. The battery prefers a partial rather than a full discharge. Frequent full discharges should be avoided when possible. Instead, charge the battery more often or use a larger battery. There is no concern of memory when applying unscheduled charges.

Although lithium-ion is memory-free in terms of performance deterioration, batteries with fuel gauges exhibit what engineers refer to as “digital memory”. Here is the reason: Short discharges with subsequent recharges do not provide the periodic calibration needed to synchronize the fuel gauge with the battery’s state-of-charge. A deliberate full discharge and recharge every 30 charges corrects this problem. Letting the battery run down to the cut-off point in the equipment will do this. If ignored, the fuel gauge will become increasingly less accurate.

Some Health Myths Debunked from WebMD.com

Image of glasses of water from WebMD.com

Image of glasses of water from WebMD.com

I receive regular emails from WebMD.com for health information. I find this article “10 Health Myths Debunked” on this web page http://www.webmd.com/balance/ss/slideshow-10-health-myths-debunked?ecd=wnl_spr_100315_9AM_WC&ctr=wnl-spr-100315-9AM-WC_nsl-ld-stry&mb=WYQVza0sEXokrko1%40IKOxShonS%2fH3cwyXPseqP5xtN0%3d.

I quote some sentences that I pay specific attention to in the following.

Drink 8 Glasses of Water a Day [One may not need to count.]

No need to count cups. Research shows people who gulp a glass of H2O when they’re thirsty get enough to stay healthy and hydrated. Water-rich foods like soup, fruit, and vegetables and drinks like juice, tea, and coffee all help you get your fill. You might need to drink more water if your urine is dark yellow, you don’t go regularly, you’re very active, or you live in a hot climate.

Eggs Are Bad for Your Heart [Not absolutely true for healthy people]

Omelet lovers, rejoice. Eating an egg or two a day doesn’t raise the risk of heart disease in healthy people. Yes, the yolks have cholesterol, but for most of us, the amount found in any one food isn’t as bad for you as the mix of fats from everything you eat. What’s more, eggs have nutrients, like omega-3s, that may lower the risk of heart disease.

A Toilet Seat Can Make You Sick [It may not.]

Don’t stress if you can’t cover the seat. Toilet seats are usually pretty clean — it’s bathroom doors, door handles, and floors that tend to be covered with bugs like E. coli, norovirus (a.k.a. “stomach flu”), and the flu. Cover your hand with a paper towel before you touch doors or handles, and use hand sanitizer or wash afterward.