菩薩 (Bodhisattva) 就是覺有情: 覺悟的一個眾生; 他不迷了 – 是「諸惡不作,眾善奉行」

Finally I find the explanation of what Bodhisattva means; the short explanation is 菩薩(Bodhisattva) 就是覺有情: 覺悟的一個眾生,他不迷了 – 是「諸惡不作,眾善奉行」; in English: A Bodhisattva is also defined as “an enlightened sentient being.” The Bodhisattva is the same as other living beings, except that he is enlightened. Being enlightened, he “does no evil and practices all good deeds.  Source: 藥師琉璃光如來本願功德經淺釋 Sutra of the Merit and Virtue of the Past Vows of Medicine Master Vaidurya Light Tathagata with Commentary

Quote:

「菩薩」這兩個字,我們就應該知道,這是大乘裏邊一個聖人。菩薩也是半梵語,具足就叫菩提薩埵,英文又叫 Bodhisattva ,翻譯到中文,它就叫覺有情。有情就是眾生之一,菩薩是九法界眾生之一,也是四聖法界裏邊一個聖人。怎麼叫覺有情呢?就是說他用這個覺悟的智慧,來度脫一切的有情眾生。有血有氣的都叫有情;沒有血沒有氣的,那叫無情。好像一切的植物,這叫無情,可是無情它們都有性,它們都在佛的大光明藏裏邊來生長,所以雖然是無情,可是有性。

那麼菩薩是覺有情的,又是有情覺,怎麼叫有情覺呢?這是說菩薩和我們人是一樣的,和一切眾生都是一樣的,不過他覺悟了。覺悟什麼呢?覺悟「諸惡不作,眾善奉行」。覺悟了,能去一切的習氣毛病,而修這個無上的智慧,所以又叫有情覺,是有情裏邊的一個覺悟者。這覺悟是對迷而言覺,就是有情裏邊的一個眾生,他不迷了;不迷,就是不用無明去做事了。

我們現在這些眾生都是在用無明來處理一切事,為什麼用無明呢?就因為沒有真正的智慧,遇到事了,也不知道怎麼樣做好?進不知進,退不知退,不知如何是好,所以叫一個不覺。我們眾生是不自覺,二乘就是自覺了。自己明白了,不那麼糊塗了;可是他只是自覺了,而沒有用自覺這種的法門,去告訴其他的人,令其他的人也覺悟。菩薩呢?是既能自覺,自己也覺悟了,又能用這種覺悟的智慧來告訴所有的眾生,令所有的眾生,如果願意覺悟的人,都可以用這種方法得到覺悟。所以菩薩是既能自覺,又能覺他;可是他沒能覺滿。覺悟是覺了,可是還不圓滿。佛呢?既能自覺,又能覺他,又能覺滿,所以三覺都圓滿了。自覺也圓滿,覺他也圓滿,那麼自覺、覺他,都圓滿了,所以這叫「三覺圓,萬德具」,萬德具備了。所以名為佛。

English version of the above quote:

A “Bodhisattva” is a sage of the Great Vehicle. The full Chinese transliteration of the Sanskrit term is putisaduo, but the Chinese use the abbreviated form pusa. “Bodhisattva” means “one who enlightens sentient beings.” Bodhisattvas are one of the nine Dharma Realms of living beings and also one of the Four Dharma Realms of Sages. A Bodhisattva uses his enlightened wisdom to rescue and liberate all sentient beings, beings with blood and breath. Although beings without blood and breath, such as plants, are considered insentient, they do have natures, and they are born and grow within the Buddhas’ great bright light treasury.

A Bodhisattva is also defined as “an enlightened sentient being.” The Bodhisattva is the same as other living beings, except that he is enlightened. Being enlightened, he “does no evil and practices all good deeds.” He has no bad habits or faults. Having attained supreme wisdom, he is not confused anymore, so he does not act out of ignorance.

Ordinary living beings always bungle things up in their ignorance. They don’t have any real wisdom. When confronted with a problem, they don’t know how to handle it, because they are unenlightened. Those of the Two Vehicles are self-enlightened–they have come to understanding and are no longer confused. However, they have not tried to teach other people the method by which they themselves became enlightened. Bodhisattvas are self-enlightened, and they also share their enlightened wisdom with other living beings, teaching those beings to become enlightened through the method they themselves used. Bodhisattvas enlighten themselves and also enlighten others, but their enlightenment is not complete. A Buddha is one who has enlightened himself, enlightened others, and perfected his enlightened practice. Since he is perfect in the three enlightenments and replete with the myriad virtues he is called a Buddha.

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2 responses to “菩薩 (Bodhisattva) 就是覺有情: 覺悟的一個眾生; 他不迷了 – 是「諸惡不作,眾善奉行」

  1. Very beautiful, Renchan; an ideal guidance and reminder of renewing my spiritual practice to expand into 2017. Your quotes are an excellent way to find direction thru these transitional days.

    Liked by 1 person

    • Hi Gwen, I was not clear what 菩薩 (BODHISATTVA) meant because many buddhists in my temple use this 菩薩 (BODHISATTVA) title too generously, and call one another 菩薩 (BODHISATTVA); and I kept delaying looking up its definition until I actually was looking for another often printed Traditional Chinese word: 覺有情 (an enlightened sentient being). Now I understand 菩薩 (BODHISATTVA) means 覺有情 (an enlightened sentient being). And only when one has been enlightened, doing no evil and practicing all good deeds, can he be titled as a 菩薩 (BODHISATTVA).

      Like

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