About NoScript extension for Firefox web browser

Learning something new today from “NoScript guide for Firefox 57+ by Martin Brinkmann on August 13, 2018 on https://www.ghacks.net/2018/08/13/noscript-guide-for-firefox-57/

. Terminology:

Script — Any type of script the site attempts to execute. Object — The HTML object tag. Media — Media elements. Frame — Frames that the site attempts to load.Font — Font elements. WebGL — WebGL elements.Fetch — requests that use fetch APIs.

. Using NoScript
Understanding how NoScript trust levels work is essential to using the extension to its fullest potential.
NoScript indicates blocked items in its icon when you load sites in the Firefox browser. A click on the icon displays the connections the extension recognized and trust levels for each site. Note that these may not be all connections a site makes. Since you don’t allow the execution of scripts by default, sites may not be able to initiate all third-party connections right away.
If you allow scripts to run on the main domain, you may notice that it attempts to make additional connections when those get loaded.
Tip: Hover over any domain listed by NoScript and click on it to open a page that is full of links to privacy and security services only to display information about the domain.
It may not be necessary to make any changes to trust levels if the site functions properly. You may notice however that some features may not work properly on first connect.
Since scripts and other elements are blocked by default, you may notice all sorts of issues related to that. Sites use scripts and other elements for a variety of things, from verifying form submissions and playing videos to often unwanted things such as advertisement or tracking.
Changing a domain’s trust level to “trusted” or “temporarily trusted” allows it to load additional elements whereas a trust level of “untrusted” prevents even more elements.
Note that trusted and untrusted are permanent changes that remain available.
Troubleshooting a site comes into play when you notice that site functionality is not available and suspect it is because of the protections that NoScript provides.
You have a couple of options to deal with the issue. You could temporarily allow a domain or use the custom trust level to set permissions individually for elements.
. Terminology:Script — Any type of script the site attempts to execute.Object — The HTML object tag.Media — Media elements.Frame — Frames that the site attempts to load.Font — Font elements.WebGL — WebGL elements.Fetch — requests that use fetch APIs.

Learning about Thunderbolt 3, USB-C, USB 3.1 2nd Gen. connections

Learning about Thunderbolt 3 and USB-C connections from “USB Type-C and Thunderbolt 3: One port to connect them all” on https://www.cnet.com/how-to/usb-type-c-thunderbolt-3-one-cable-to-connect-them-all/
. Here’s how Thunderbolt 3 is different from its predecessors:
The Mini DisplayPort connection type has been ditched in favor of a USB-C connection type.All Thunderbolt 3 cables will work as USB-C cables.All USB-C cables will work as Thunderbolt 3 cables as long as they are good quality cables.Thunderbolt 3 has a top data transfer speed of 40Gbps as long as the cable is 0.5m (1.6 ft.) or shorter.For 1m (3.2 ft.) or longer cables, Thunderbolt 3 supports passive (cheaper) ones that have a top speed of 20Gbps, and active cables (more expensive) that retain the 40Gbps speed.Thunderbolt 3 is backward-compatible with earlier versions of Thunderbolt, but due to the new port type, adapters are required to use legacy Thunderbolt devices.Any USB-C device (like a Google Pixel) plugged into a Thunderbolt 3 port will function normally.Since Thunderbolt 3 devices use discrete Thunderbolt chips to function, they will not function if plugged into a USB-C port.All versions of Thunderbolt allow for daisy-chaining up to six devices together to a host and in addition to data, can also carry Hi-Def video and audio signals.
. USB 3.1 (sometimes refereed to as USB 3.1 Gen 2., [or now called SuperSpeed+ or SuperSpeed USB 10 Gbps)): Released on July 26, 2013, USB 3.1 doubles the speed of USB 3.0 to 10Gbps (now called SuperSpeed+ or SuperSpeed USB 10 Gbps), making it as fast as the original Thunderbolt standard. USB 3.1 is backward-compatible with USB 3.0 and USB 2.0. USB 3.1 has three power profiles (according to USB Power Delivery Specification), and allows larger devices to draw power from a host: up to 2A at 5V (for a power consumption of up to 10W), and optionally up to 5A at either 12V (60W) or 20V (100W). The first USB 3.1 products are expected to be available in late 2016, and will mostly use USB Type-C design.

Steps to manually uninstall Paragon NTFS for macOS

So I learn from “How to Uninstall Paragon NTFS for macOS” on https://nektony.com/how-to/uninstall-paragon-ntfs-for-macos
Quote of the manual un-installation method:
Paragon NTFS for Mac is a tool that helps you to write, edit, copy and delete files on Microsoft NTFS-formatted drives connected to your Mac.Paragon NTFS application installs its pane to System Preferences, so it is not enough to drop the app to Trash to remove it correctly.

. Uninstall Paragon NTFS for Mac manually
Like most Mac users do, you may delete Paragon NTFS following these steps: go to the Applications folder in Finder → find Paragon NTFS for Mac 15.app → make a right-click and select Move to Trash → then, Empty Trash.
However, advanced users know that any application creates service files for its proper work on a Mac. Likely, you have heard or read about caches and logs. These types, in addition to other files, are the temporary helpers of an application. So, the deletion of the .app file is not enough for the application’s entire removal from your Mac. Furthermore, the temporary service files are useless without the application on your Mac. So you have to find all the leftovers of Paragon NTFS and remove them.The junk files are usually stored in the hidden Library folder. Follow these steps to see the contents of the Library folder:
Open Finder.Click Go in the toolbar and select Go to Folder in the drop-down menu.Type ~/Library in the appeared window and click Go.Type paragon in the search field in the corner of the window and hit Enter. Next, you will see all the files and folders that relate to Paragon NTFS. Select these items, move them to the Trash, and then empty the Trash.
You should also check your Mac’s System Preferences. Some applications create a System Preference pane (an application icon) on your Mac by default. Paragon NTFS is one of them. So, open System Preferences → find Paragon NTFS for Mac icon → make a right-click and Remove “NTFS for Mac” Preference Pane.
Then you should navigate and remove Paragon NTFS cache files stored in ~/Library/Caches, application support files, crash reports, preferences files, remove them as well.

Quote from “How to Write to NTFS Drives on a Mac by Chris Hoffman

Quote from “How to Write to NTFS Drives on a Mac by Chris Hoffman @chrisbhoffman, March 15, 2018” on https://www.howtogeek.com/236055/how-to-write-to-ntfs-drives-on-a-mac/

Paragon NTFS for Mac costs $19.95 and offers a ten-day free trial. It’ll install cleanly and easily on modern versions of macOS, including macOS 10.12 Sierra and Mac OS X 10.11 El Capitan. It really does “just work”, so it’s the best option if you’re willing to pay a small amount of money for this feature.

You also won’t have to fiddle with terminal commands to manually mount partitions, insecurely mount partitions automatically, or deal with potential corruption as you will with the free drivers below. If you need this feature, paying for software that does it properly is worth it. We cannot stress this enough.

Apple’s macOS can read from Windows-formatted NTFS drives, but can’t write to them out of the box. Here are a few solutions for getting full read/write access to NTFS drives.
This could be useful if you want to write to a Boot Camp partition on your Mac, as Windows system partitions must use the NTFS file system. However, for external drives, you should probably use exFAT instead. macOS can natively read and write to exFAT drives, just like Windows can.
There are several options for this, and you’ll need to choose one:
Three Options: Paid Third-Party Drivers: There are third-party NTFS drivers for Mac that you can install, and they’ll work quite well. These are paid solutions, but they’re easy to install and should offer better performance than the free solutions below. Free Third-Party Drivers: There’s a free and open-source NTFS driver you can install on a Mac to enable write support. Unfortunately, this take a bit of extra work to install, especially on Macs with the new System Integrity Protection feature, added in 10.11 El Capitan. It’s slower than paid solutions and automatically mounting NTFS partitions in read-write mode is a security risk. Apple’s Experimental NTFS-Write Support: The macOS operating system includes experimental support for writing to NTFS drives. However, it’s off by default and requires some messing around in the terminal to enable it. It isn’t guaranteed to work properly and could potentially cause problems with your NTFS file system. In fact, we’ve had it corrupt data before. We really don’t recommend using this. It’s disabled by default for a reason.
We highly recommend paying for a third-party NTFS driver if you need to do this as the other solutions don’t work as well and are more work to set up.

Quote from “What’s the Difference Between GPT and MBR When Partitioning a Drive?

Quote from “What’s the Difference Between GPT and MBR When Partitioning a Drive? Published on March 17, 2016 by Rajesh Kumar H Tiwari” on https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/whats-difference-between-gpt-mbr-when-partitioning-drive-tiwari
GPT brings with it many advantages, but MBR is still the most compatible and is still necessary in some cases. This isn’t a Windows-only standard — Mac OS X, Linux, and other operating systems can also use GPT.What Do GPT and MBR Do?
MBR (Master Boot Record) and GPT (GUID Partition Table) are two different ways of storing the partitioning information on a drive. This information includes where partitions start and begin, so your operating system knows which sectors belong to each partition and which partition is bootable. This is why you have to choose MBR or GPT before creating partitions on a drive.
MBR’s Limitations MBR standards for Master Boot Record. It was introduced with IBM PC DOS 2.0 in 1983.
It’s called Master Boot Record because the MBR is a special boot sector located at the beginning of a drive. This sector contains a boot loader for the installed operating system and information about the drive’s logical partitions. The boot loader is a small bit of code that generally loads the larger boot loader from another partition on a drive. If you have Windows installed, the initial bits of the Windows boot loader reside here — that’s why you may have torepair your MBR if it’s overwritten and Windows won’t boot. If you have Linux installed, the GRUB boot loader will typically be located in the MBR.
MBR works with disks up to 2 TB in size, but it can’t handle disks with more than 2 TB of space. MBR also only supports up to four primary partitions — if you want more, you have to make one of your primary partitions an “extended partition” and create logical partitions inside it. This is a silly little hack and shouldn’t be necessary.
MBR became the industry standard everyone used for partitioning and booting from disks. Developers have been piling on hacks like extended partitions ever since.GPT’s Advantages
GPT stands for GUID Partition Table. It’s a new standard that’s gradually replacing MBR. It’s associated with UEFI — UEFI replaces the clunky old BIOS with something more modern, and GPT replaces the clunky old MBR partitioning system with something more modern. It’s called GUID Partition Table because every partition on your drive has a “globally unique identifier,” or GUID — a random string so long that every GPT partition on earth likely has its own unique identifier.
This system doesn’t have MBR’s limits. Drives can be much, much larger and size limits will depend on the operating system and its file systems. GPT allows for a nearly unlimited amount of partitions, and the limit here will be your operating system — Windows allows up to 128 partitions on a GPT drive, and you don’t have to create an extended partition.
On an MBR disk, the partitioning and boot data is stored in one place. If this data is overwritten or corrupted, you’re in trouble. In contrast, GPT stores multiple copies of this data across the disk, so it’s much more robust and can recover if the data is correupted. GPT also stores cyclic redundancy check (CRC) values to check that its data is intact — if the data is corrupted, GPT can notice the problem and attempt to recover the damaged data from another location on the disk. MBR had no way of knowing if its data was corrupted — you’d only see there was a problem when the boot process failed or your drive’s partitions vanished.

Download Windows 10 from Microsoft

Download Windows 10 from Microsoft’s web page https://www.microsoft.com/en-gb/software-download/windows10

Windows 10 October 2018 Update now available

The Update Assistant can help you update to the latest version of Windows 10. To get started, click Update now.Update nowPrivacy

Create Windows 10 installation media

To get started, you will first need to have a licence to install Windows 10. You can then download and run the media creation tool. For more information on how to use the tool, see the instructions below.Download tool now

Some web pages will be broken (like displaying the gibberish characters on a web page) if the browser’s setting doesn’t allow the web site to override its set fonts.

So I learn that some web pages will be broken (like displaying the gibberish characters on a web page) if I choose my own fonts in the web browser’s settings and don’t allow the web site to override my font choices. Also, Some icons on the web page might not function properly because these icons might be implemented as custom fonts. I encounter this issue with Firefox Quantum version on pages like https://news.google.com.
Source: https://www.google.com/search?q=How+do+I+make+Brave+web+browser%27s+font+overwrite+the+web+site%27s+own+fonts&oq=How+do+I+make+Brave+web+browser%27s+font+overwrite+the+web+site%27s+own+fonts&aqs=chrome..69i57.31860j0j1&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8
Quote: Jul 12, 2017 – While changing your browser’s font may not be the most pressing issue, … to choose their own fonts” or else a lot of the web will be broken. Many sites use icons that are actually implemented as custom fonts