Mendelssohn Violin Concerto in E minor, Op. 64 to start Year 2016

I like to start my year 2016 with the passion from “Mendelssohn Violin Concerto in E minor, Op. 64” performed by Janine Jansen with the BBC Symphony Orchestra (at the BBC Proms). The link here:

Some information about this concerto quoted from Wikipedia: Felix Mendelssohn’s Violin Concerto in E minor, Op. 64

Felix Mendelssohn’s Violin Concerto in E minor, Op. 64, is his last large orchestral work. It forms an important part of the violin repertoire and is one of the most popular and most frequently performed violin concertos of all time.[1][2][3] A typical performance lasts just under half an hour.

Mendelssohn originally proposed the idea of the violin concerto to Ferdinand David, a close friend and then concertmaster of the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra. Although conceived in 1838, the work took another six years to complete and was not premiered until 1845. During this time, Mendelssohn maintained a regular correspondence with David, who gave him many suggestions. The work itself was one of the foremost violin concertos of the Romantic era and was influential on many other composers

Additional information about the Romantic era in classical music from this web page:

The Romantic era is known for its intense energy and passion. The rigid forms of classical music gave way to greater expression, and music grew closer to art, literature and theatre.
Beethoven pioneered Romanticism and expanded previously strict formulas for symphonies and sonatas, and introduced a whole new approach to music, giving his works references to other aspects of life – for example, his ‘Pastoral’ Symphony No. 6 describes countryside scenes.
As well as symphonies, the tone poem and descriptive overture were popular as pieces of stand-alone orchestral music that evoked anything from a painting or poem to a feeling of nationalistic fervour
The Romantic era gave birth to the virtuoso. Liszt was one of the greatest of his time, and wrote demanding piano music to show off his own brilliance. Chopin is also among the outstanding composer-performers from this timeIn the world of opera, cue the entrance of Verdi in the middle of the Romantic era. He turned Italian opera on its head by introducing new subject material, often with social, political or nationalistic themes, and combined these with a direct approach to composing.
Germany’s Richard Wagner also played a key role in developing the operatic genre.Before Wagner, the action and music in opera was split into short pieces or ‘numbers’ much like a modern-day musical show. Wagner’s operas are written as long, continuous sweeps of music. The characters and ideas are given short signature melodies called leitmotifs.
Wagner’s ideas dominated most music, from the large-scale symphonies of Bruckner and Mahler to the heroic tone poems and operas of Richard Strauss, even reaching Italy, where Verdi and Puccini started to produce operas according to many of Wagner’s rules.
Ideas and compositions became more and more outlandish and inventive until the musical rules had to be rewritten, and the scene was set for the biggest change in music for centuries – the beginning of Modernism.


“Dry Eye After Cataract Surgery and Associated Intraoperative Risk Factors”: an article very informative to me

I find this paper “Dry Eye After Cataract Surgery and Associated Intraoperative Risk Factors” by Yang Kyeung Cho, MD, PhD1 and Man Soo Kim, MD, PhD very informative.  The entire article is on this web page



To investigate changes in dry eye symptoms and diagnostic test values after cataract surgery and to address factors that might influence those symptoms and test results.


In the dry eye group, there were significant aggravations in Sx at 2 months postoperatively and in TMH at 3 days, 10 days, 1 month, and 2 months postoperatively, compared with preoperative values. All dry eye test values were significantly worse after cataract surgery in the non-dry eye group. With regard to incision location, there was no difference in tBUT, Sx, ST-I, or TMH in either the dry eye group or the non-dry eye group at any postoperative time point. Regarding incision shape, there was no difference in tBUT, Sx, ST-I or TMH at any postoperative time point in the dry eye group. In the superior incision sub-group of the non-dry eye group, tBUT and Sx were worse in the grooved incision group at day 1. In the temporal incision sub-group of the non-dry eye group, Sx were worse in the grooved incision group at 1 day, 3 days, and 10 days postoperatively. In both groups, significant correlations were noted between microscopic light exposure time and dry eye test values, but no correlation was noted between phacoemulsification energy and dry eye test values.


Cataract surgery may lead to dry eye. A grooved incision can aggravate the symptoms during the early postoperative period in patients without dry eye preoperatively. Long microscopic light exposure times can have an adverse effect on dry eye test values.

Dry eye sensation frequently occurs after cataract surgery. Affected patients may experience red or watery eyes and constant foreign body sensation. Lesions such as superficial punctate keratitis and epithelial defects may be seen on the cornea.

Generally, the etiology of dry eye following cataract surgery is characterized by one of two mechanisms.1 One patient group experienced an increase in pre-existing dry eye symptoms and the other group experienced surgically-induced dry eye. There are many factors that might affect the ocular surface environment after cataract surgery. Topical anesthesia and eye drops containing preservatives like benzalkonium chloride are well known to have effects on the corneal epithelium.1,13 Exposure to light from the operating microscope might also be associated with postoperative dry eye.1 Most corneal surgical procedures disrupt the normal organization of the corneal innervation, and this results in pathologic changes of the cornea and attendant discomfort.

Music from Messiah – Mormon Tabernacle Choir

These songs in Handel’s Messiah are some of my favorite Christmas music: traditional, spiritual, respectful and beautiful. Click on the following image or link to listen.


Music from Messiah – Mormon Tabernacle Choir

The following link is “Laura Osnes, who played Cinderella on Broadway opposite last year’s guest artist, Santino Fontana’s Prince Charming, joins the Mormon Tabernacle Choir and Orchestra at Temple Square in “Music for a Summer Evening.” Conducted by Mack Wilberg and Ryan Murphy. The Choir, Orchestra and Laura perform songs from Broadway and cinema.”

2015 Pioneer Day Concert with Laura Osnes – Music for a Summer Evening

Also click the following image to listen to “If I Loved You, from Carousel – Laura Osnes and the Mormon Tabernacle Choir”

The source of the following PBS broadcasts in from this web page

Christmas with Mormon Tabernacle Choir Concert PBS Special Broadcast:
Each December PBS airs the previous year’s Christmas concert. Upcoming broadcast dates for last year’s Christmas Concert with Santino Fontana and the Sesame Street Muppets:

Monday, 12/21/15: 9 p.m. Eastern/Pacific, 8 p.m. Central/Mountain

Thursday, 12/24/15: 9 p.m. Eastern/Pacific, 8 p.m. Central/Mountain

Friday, 12/25/15 Check local listings, individual markets may vary


Foods to Avoid If You Have High Triglycerides: from

I begin to learn about that triglycerides is also a bad cholesterol in addition to a more known bad cholesterol called low-density lipoprotein (LDL).  I need to keep a healthy level of cholesterol to avoid the potential heart attack or stroke in the next ten years.  “Triglycerides are another type of fat, and they’re used to store excess energy from your diet. High levels of triglycerides in the blood are associated with atherosclerosis.”, according to American Heart Association’s web page here

I quote some information from the above web page, then I copy the entire article from a web page titled “Foods to Avoid If You Have High Triglycerides” here

Quote from American Heart Association’s web page:

Cholesterol can’t dissolve in the blood. It must be transported through your bloodstream by carriers called lipoproteins, which got their name because they’re made of fat (lipid) and proteins.

The two types of lipoproteins that carry cholesterol to and from cells are low-density lipoprotein, or LDL, and high-density lipoprotein, or HDL. LDL cholesterol and HDL cholesterol, along with one fifth of your triglyceride level, make up your total cholesterol count, which can be determined through a blood test.

LDL (Bad) Cholesterol

LDL cholesterol is considered the “bad” cholesterol because it contributes to plaque, a thick, hard deposit that can clog arteries and make them less flexible. This condition is known as atherosclerosis. If a clot forms and blocks a narrowed artery, heart attack or stroke can result. Another condition called peripheral artery disease can develop when plaque buildup narrows an artery supplying blood to the legs.

HDL (Good) Cholesterol

HDL cholesterol is considered “good” cholesterol because it helps remove LDL cholesterol from the arteries. Experts believe HDL acts as a scavenger, carrying LDL cholesterol away from the arteries and back to the liver, where it is broken down and passed from the body. One-fourth to one-third of blood cholesterol is carried by HDL. A healthy level of HDL cholesterol may also protect against heart attack and stroke, while low levels of HDL cholesterol have been shown to increase the risk of heart disease.


Triglycerides are another type of fat, and they’re used to store excess energy from your diet. High levels of triglycerides in the blood are associated with atherosclerosis. Elevated triglycerides can be caused by overweight and obesity, physical inactivity, cigarette smoking, excess alcohol consumption and a diet very high in carbohydrates (more than 60 percent of total calories). Underlying diseases or genetic disorders are sometimes the cause of high triglycerides. People with high triglycerides often have a high total cholesterol level, including a high LDL cholesterol (bad) level and a low HDL cholesterol (good) level. Many people with heart disease or diabetes also have high triglyceride levels.

Quote from the article “Foods to Avoid If You Have High Triglycerides

1. Starchy Veggies

Some vegetables are better than others when you’re watching your triglycerides. Limit how much you eat of those that are starchy, like corn and peas. That way, your body won’t turn the extra starch into triglycerides. There are plenty of other options, like cauliflower, kale, and mushrooms, to choose from.

2. Baked Beans With Sugar or Pork Added

Beans have fiber and other nutrients going for them. But if they’re made with sugar or pork, they may not be the best choice. The label on the can should say what’s in there, and how much sugar and fat you’re getting. Switch to black beans, which are a great source of fiber and protein, without saturated fats or added sugar.

3. Too Much of a Good Thing

No doubt: Fruit is good for you, especially if you’re having a piece of fruit instead of a rich dessert. But when you have high triglycerides, you may need to limit yourself to 2-3 pieces of fruit a day. That way, you won’t get too much of the natural sugars that are in fruit. If you’re having dried fruit, remember that the serving size is much smaller: 2 tablespoons of raisins, for example.

4. Alcohol

You may think of alcohol as being good for your heart. But too much of it can drive up your triglyceride levels. That’s because of the sugars that are naturally part of alcohol, whether it’s wine, beer, or liquor. Too much sugar, from any source, can be a problem. Your doctor may recommend that you not drink at all if your triglyceride levels are very high.

5. Canned Fish Packed in Oil

Fish is good for your heart. But when you’re buying canned fish, check the label to see if it’s packed in oil. You’re better off buying canned fish that’s packed in water. Usually, both are available on the same shelf at the grocery store.

6. Coconut

Coconut is trendy. You can find coconut milk, coconut water, coconut flakes, coconut oil, and the fruit itself. Some say coconut has health benefits, but it’s also high in saturated fats, so ask your doctor if you should limit it or avoid it completely.

7. Starchy Foods

Eat too much pasta, potatoes, or cereals and your body can turn them into triglycerides. You can still have them, but you have to stay within proper serving sizes. A serving is a slice of bread, 1/3 cup of rice or pasta, or half a cup of potatoes or cooked oatmeal.

8. Sugary Drinks

A lot of the sugar you get may come from a glass. Whether you drink sweet iced tea, regular soda, fruit juice, or a syrupy coffee drink, you may be getting more sweetness than your body can handle. It may turn some of that sugar into triglycerides. So when you’re cutting back on sugar, remember to include your drinks in that, too. Limit yourself to no more than a cup (8 ounces) of sugar-sweetened drinks per day.

9. Honey or Maple Syrup

You may think of honey and maple syrup as being healthier or more natural than refined sugar. But like sugar, they can raise your triglyceride levels. When you’re working on lowering your triglycerides, cut down on sugary sweeteners across the board, even if they’re not table sugar.

10. Baked Goods

Because of your high triglycerides, you should limit the saturated fat in your diet. That includes the saturated fat in the butter that’s baked into pastries. You should also avoid trans fats altogether. Check the nutrition facts label to be sure.

11. High-Fat Meats

You don’t have to give up meat completely. But you should choose lean cuts and trim any visible fat. Meat has saturated fat in it, so you want to limit that as much as possible to help bring your triglyceride levels down.

12. Butter or Margarine

Use olive oil as a replacement for butter and margarine, which may have too much saturated fat or trans fat, when cooking meats and vegetables or making salad dressing. Canola, walnut, and flaxseed oils are also great alternatives.